Five Ways to Bring the Indoors OutdoorsPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 1/27/2020 6:00:00 AM
It’s no surprise that we tend to spend more time indoors during the winter than we do during the warmer months. While your kids may have a blast playing outside some of the time, they will inevitably get cold at some point and need to come inside. The good news is that doesn’t mean their experience with the outdoors needs to stop!
Here we share five fun and simple ways to bring nature inside.
Snow play for the littlest ones
As you may know, we are full advocates of the Scandinavian saying: “There’s no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing.” Everyone has their limits, however, and you may not be keen on taking your infant out in sub-freezing temperatures.
The solution? Bring a little bit of the white stuff inside for them to explore. This idea is really as simple as it gets, but can provide your baby or toddler with an interesting and enriching experience. Grab a tray, a sturdy bowl, or even a heavy baking dish, and put just a few handfuls of snow inside. Set it on a floor surface that you don’t mind getting a little wet and invite your child to explore. A large bath towel underneath can make the whole experience a little more comfortable for them and make cleanup even easier for you.
In the meantime, you can send older kids outside to try out some of these cool snow experiments.
Plant a few seeds
It may not be prime gardening season, but the warmth inside should be enough for this fun activity. Keep in mind the point is just to grow something. Don’t worry about producing edible vegetables or gorgeous blooms. Gather a few materials:
- A container - Preferably find a small pot with adequate drainage, but anything similar will do.
- Some soil - You can pick up potting soil at your local garden center if the ground outside your house is frozen.
- Seeds! These can really be anything. Perhaps you have some leftover bean seeds from last year’s garden. Maybe you have some dried lentils in your pantry. You could even save a few seeds from a pepper you cut up for dinner.
Find a warm, sunny spot in your home and have your child help you plant, water, and observe the seed(s). You can read books together about plants, research the specific plant you’re growing, or even tie in some math with measurement and data collection.
Feeling inspired? This is a great time of year to begin planning your spring garden! Children will love helping to draw out plans and look through seed catalogs.
Create natural tablescapes
Everyone appreciates a beautiful centerpiece. Why spend money on flowers wrapped in plastic when you can find beauty in your own backyard? On a not-so-chilly day, take a walk with your child and collect beautiful pieces to arrange. Using a vase (or even a mason jar or glass milk bottle), proudly display what you find.
Keep an eye out for:
- Interesting branches - Birch and dogwood have unexpected color, but regular brown colored branches are just as pretty!
- Evergreen foliage - Pine, holly, and other types of shrubs and bushes can give your home a beautiful green look.
- Dried berries and flowers
Once inside you can add candles, ribbon, or whatever else you have lying around. Ask your children to come up with ideas, too!
Make something for the animals
Ice, snow, and frigid temperatures can make finding food difficult for wild animals. Have fun making treats for them while also cultivating your children’s sense of generosity.
Remember covering pinecones with peanut butter and birdseed when you were a child? Birds still love them. Try this fun and super simple activity with your own children! Find whatever string or yarn you have and hang them from nearby bushes and trees.
Another fun project is to pop up a big batch of popcorn and use a needle and thread to make a long string to hang. This activity is great for older children, and as a bonus they can snack while they create.
Looking for more ideas? Check out this site.
Wondering whether it’s a good idea to feed the birds? Here’s what the Audubon Society has to say about it.
Set up a bird watching station
All those bird treats you made together? Put them on double duty: set them up in a spot where your children can see the birds out the window and you can create hours of entertainment.
If you happen to have a window that looks out toward trees or bushes, it may just be the perfect spot to try and attract local birds. Set up some bird feeders or homemade bird treats and wait for the birds to come. Meanwhile, set the scene inside as well. A comfortable chair or pillow on the floor will encourage children to sit and watch. Visit your local library and borrow a few bird-specific field guides to help with identification. Other fun items to leave nearby: a pair of binoculars, a sketch pad and colored pencils, or a journal.
Spending Time Outdoors in the WinterPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 1/20/2020 7:00:00 AM
Norwegians have a long-standing tradition known as “friluftsliv”. The word loosely translates to ‘open-air life’ and embodies the nation’s dedication to spending time in nature on a regular basis. This is easy enough to do when the sun is shining and the days are long, but how can we continue to get outside during the colder, darker months? And why is this so important for children?
Why Get Outside?
We all know the stir-crazy feeling that sets in after too many hours cooped up inside. The following are just some of the benefits to bundling up and heading out.
- Soak up the sun for vitamin D: One simple way to boost our body’s supply of vitamin D is through sun exposure. While it is important to consider our skin’s need for sun protection, we all need some time to enjoy the benefits of the sun’s rays.
- Reduce stress: A short walk - even just 20 minutes - can significantly lower stress hormones in the body.
- Gain focus: One study determined a clear link between children spending time outdoors and a decline in ADHD symptoms.
- Improve immune function: Japanese ‘forest bathing’, or simply spending time in a forest or around trees, has been linked to an increase in immune function.
- Boost your creativity: Regular time spent exercising outdoors has been linked to an increased capacity for creative reasoning.
So what exactly is the best way to spend time outside when it’s chilly? Winter provides us a huge range of opportunities:
- Sledding: Dragging a sled up a hill while trudging through snow is a workout! The reward of sliding down a slippery slope each time is fun for all ages.
- Star Gazing: Even younger children with earlier bedtimes can enjoy star gazing on crisp winter nights.
- Skiing and Snowboarding: Whether you prefer the speed of the slopes of the quiet of cross-country, there are options for everyone. Many mountains offer lessons for children as young as three.
- Visit Local Parks: Public parks stay open year-round. Go together and enjoy your local resources, or make a day trip of it and visit a park that is a bit farther away.
- Feed the Birds: Because many species migrate during the winter months, the area’s population will look different now than during the spring and summer. Borrow a field guide from the library and do some bird watching. Set up or make your own bird feeders and place them outside a window of your home.
- Make Environmental Art: Use what you find in nature to create inspiring pictures and sculptures!
- Take a Closer Look: Use a magnifying glass to examine snowflakes, ice, or whatever else sparks curiosity.
- Walk: Perhaps the simplest option, this can be made even more special if done while it’s snowing outside! Consider location as well - think about any access to nature nearby, whether it be a forest, river, or even a local park.
Shifting Our Mindset
One way Norwegians support their philosophy of friluftsliv is with an old saying: “There is no such thing as bad weather, only bad clothing.” By preparing ourselves adequately, spending time outside can and should be enjoyable, no matter the season. So bundle up and head outside!
Interested in more information? Check out these sources:
Montessori Basics: The Language CurriculumPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 1/13/2020 6:00:00 AM
Have you ever wondered how Montessori guides teach children about language? Parents are often astounded when they observe children learning to read at a young age in our schools. What’s the secret?
There’s no secret. We’re happy to share our methods! Read on to learn more about our approach, how we align our teaching with a child’s natural development, and what the progression looks like as children get older.
Early Language Activities
Children’s language development begins long before they enter the classroom. Dr. Montessori asserted that children from birth to age six are in the age of the absorbent mind. During this time, children are able to learn language simply by living around others who are using language. Montessori classrooms incorporate both spoken and written language into the environment to further enrich this early learning.
In our early childhood classrooms we teach children songs and poems so that they may hear and experience language in a fun and playful way that appeals to them. We encourage parents to do the same! Share poems from your childhood with your children and discover new ones together. Sing your favorite songs from when you were little, or enjoy kid-friendly tunes from musicians such as Raffi or Tom Chapin.
Montessori guides introduce children to as much vocabulary as possible in their early years. This may start with naming objects around the classroom, but will also expand toward specialized nomenclature. Children learn the names of the continents, plant and animal names, and specific terms that apply to areas of interest. These vocabulary words are spoken and shown in written form.
As you may have guessed, writing starts earlier in Montessori classrooms than in many other settings. Consider the goal of writing: to visually communicate one’s ideas with others using standardized symbols. This is actually separate from the ability to hold a pencil and form strings of letters, words, and sentences on a piece of paper.
Once a child has a basic understanding of most of the letter sounds, they begin to use a material called the moveable alphabet. Exactly what it sounds like, the moveable alphabet is a box containing sorted wooden letters. Children lay the letters out to write words, and eventually sentences. At this stage we do not expect children to conform to conventional spelling, but rather we allow what is often referred to as inventive spelling. “I love my mom” may look like “I luv mi mom”.
Montessori classrooms use many materials to help children strengthen their finger muscles in preparation for the physical act of handwriting. We start this early work in our toddler and primary (age three to six) classrooms. Our experience has taught us that children are ready to express themselves in writing before they are ready to start writing in the traditional sense.
One beautiful material that you have likely seen is called the sandpaper letters. The letters are used to provide a foundation in both reading and writing.
It’s important to note that when Montessori guides begin teaching children about letters, our focus is on the sounds the letters make and not so much their names. This means we do not teach the alphabet song, because knowing the names of letters isn’t really as helpful in learning how to read. That’s not to say there is no value in such learning; it will certainly come in handy when learning to alphabetize, or when talking about letters when they are a bit older. We just want parents to the value of using a letter’s most commonly used sound when referring to it. For example, when a Montessori child learns to spell cat, they will say, “k-ah-t” rather than “see-ay-tee”.
Much of our reading work is done while teaching children other subjects. For example, if they are learning about mammals, they will read lots of text at their level about mammals.
There are also special series of books, including Miss Rhonda’s Readers (created by a Montessori guide) and Bob Books. Check with your child’s guide if you’re curious or would like some advice on what books to read at home.
Card materials are also used as children progress, allowing guides to help children isolate specific sounds and blends. One series of cards/lessons may focus on the various ways to make a long a sound. One set of cards displays words containing ai, another will contain ay, and yet another will teach children about words with the silent e.
This area of study includes a wide variety of skills and begins once a child has begun to read. Some of the earlier lessons are given during the final (kindergarten) year of primary, but many are given during the first two years of lower elementary. The guide will give children a lesson to teach the skill. In the days and weeks following, children practice the skill independently using special card materials. The skills include:
- Compound words
Grammar is taught early in what we call a spiraling curriculum; that is, we circle back on the same content as the children gets older, building on previous knowledge and giving more depth to their understanding. Parts of speech are taught in a very specific order, and each one has a corresponding symbol that children use in many activities.
Beginning in the final year of primary, children typically learn about nouns, articles, and verbs, as well as their corresponding symbols. This helps them to understand the core parts of our sentences and gives them an introduction to grammar in a way that appeals to them.
Sometime during that final year in primary or the first year of lower elementary, children are introduced to grammar through what we call the function of words. Traditionally, a model of a farm, complete with animals, is used to guide children through the process. Again, they begin by learning that nouns are naming words, and they name each animal and feature of the farm. They then go on to learn the corresponding articles, followed by all other parts of speech, including adjectives, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.
Once a child has learned the functions of words, they will move on to the Montessori grammar command cards. Knowing that children learn by doing, these cards give children specific directions to physically follow so that they may experience the words for themselves.
Another classic Montessori activity involves the use of colored wooden grammar boxes. Children use cards to recreate sentences, word by word, and sort the words by various parts of speech.
There are many extensions to grammar work that Montessori children enjoy. Some will write their own sentences and use colored pencils to label each word with its corresponding grammar symbol. Others enjoy using grammar strips: a material that shows a series of grammar symbols which students must use a guide to write a sentence with that particular pattern.
Going beyond grammar, elementary-aged children learn to analyze sentences. This begins simply with subjects, verbs, direct, and indirect objects. As children get older and have a better grasp on language, the work extends considerably.
Older elementary children learn about complex sentence structures. This includes structures like predicate adjectives and nominatives, attributive adjectives, various types of phrases and clauses, and much more.
For seasoned Montessori parents: Did you learn anything new from this article? New families: What do you find the most interesting, or what do you still have questions about? As always, we believe in the power of observation, and we invite you all to schedule a time to sit and observe in one of our classrooms.
Work or Play? A Peek Inside the Montessori ClassroomPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 1/6/2020
You know Montessori classrooms are different than most. You’ve heard the rumors: children run around doing whatever they please. It’s all play and no work. Or perhaps you’ve heard the opposite: our structures are so rigid we stifle creativity and natural childhood behavior.
What’s it really like?
We can practically guarantee that once you step inside a classroom for yourself, sit quietly in an observation chair, and observe the children and adults at work, your impressions will be transformed. We encourage parents to do so whenever possible. The children are used to visitors and we have tips on how your presence can be unobtrusive to them but informative for you. If you’ve never been, or even if it’s just been a while, we hope you’ll schedule a visit soon.
In the meantime, this post will give you some idea of what you might see in a typical, high fidelity Montessori classroom.
From the moment they step in the door, expectations are different for Montessori children, even as young as our toddlers. Children are responsible for hanging their own bags and coats on hooks. They learn to change their own shoes, with most classrooms requiring that children wear either slippers or a special pair of shoes designated for indoor school use only. This is done in part to keep our classrooms clean, but also to give children a sense that their classroom feels more comfortable and home-like.
Guides greet students upon their arrival. They often make a point of shaking a child’s hand, looking them in the eye, and saying their name along with a friendly hello. By doing this, we are intentionally modeling polite human interactions. Before long, the children learn how to greet us back, and they are even able to apply this skill outside of school.
The Work Period
Also called the work cycle, this period of time is a hallmark of the Montessori approach. We understand that children need a longer stretch of time to involve themselves deeply in independent work, so we honor this need by providing an uninterrupted block of time each morning.
How much time? That depends on the age of the child. Typically, for children ages three and up, the work period is three hours long. It’s not quite so long for younger children, and older children have a second work period in the afternoon.
During this time children work independently while guides give small group or independent lessons. Sometimes it may appear that a child is playing, and while that is true, certain types of play are critical to learning. It is also important to note that Dr. Montessori developed educational materials to appeal to children, so what may look like a simple puzzle could actually be a manipulative biology diagram. What looks like pretty colored beads are, in fact, tools for exploring complex mathematical concepts.
Montessori children are able to make a lot of choices during this work cycle. We allow freedom of movement: that is, they may sit where they like, stand and walk around the room if their bodies require a break, and use the restroom safely without needing an adult’s permission. We provide a range of seating options as well. Some children prefer to work alone or with others. Some like to sit at a table or on the floor. Adults appreciate having choices while they work, and we believe children should be afforded the same respect.
What types of work might you see? You may be surprised to see even very young children working on the following subjects:
- practical life skills
- sensory refinement (up to age six)
Montessori education takes the perspective that we must nurture the whole child. This is a popular concept with parents and teachers across a wide variety of settings, but Montessori schools have structures built into their programs that allow for deeper exploration and support of the social self.
The aspects of choice are one way we support children’s social development. Rather than assigning seats or requiring children to work alone or in pairings that are predetermined by adults, we generally let children choose if they would rather work independently or cooperatively, and with whom they would like to work. That being said, in any group of people, some personalities work well together, while others do not. We help guide children to differentiate between what makes a positive complementary work partner for them, and what constitutes a fun (and perhaps silly) friendship that can be developed outside the work period.
As children grow older, they begin to place a stronger emphasis on friendships. The process of figuring out what healthy friendships should look and feel like is a major work of children in the elementary years. Attachments form, and children come to rely on the company of one another. Of course, another reality of these years is that all children will face social conflict at some point or another.
One benefit of a Montessori environment is that the guides are able to set aside time and space to help children navigate conflict. We teach mediation strategies, inclusivity, and conflict resolution. We are able to assist children both proactively and reactively. We often use stories to teach children important lessons about social skills. Role play is another tool used in classrooms when negative patterns begin to form. Through role play, children are able to have fun and remove themselves personally from an experience; they can learn positive approaches to resolving common dilemmas.
The Guide’s Role
Another often surprising element of the Montessori classroom is the role our guides take. To begin with, they are typically referred to as guides, rather than teachers, as we believe the name is a far better descriptor of the task. Instead of feeding children a stream of information we expect them to internalize, the adults lay a path before them, open the door, and give them the tools to explore and learn.
In the primary years (ages three to six), lessons are usually given individually. This allows the guide to give full attention to the individual child, and to honor that child’s individual needs. In the elementary years, lessons are typically given to small groups of children, honoring their developmental desire to work alongside their peers.
Another delicate task of the Montessori guide is to know when to step in and assist children, and when to stand back and allow them to find a solution themselves. Generally speaking, we tend to take the latter approach. We believe that children are capable of much more than we often give them credit for, and given the opportunity, they will rise to the occasion. This approach helps build resilience and confidence.
Lastly, the guide’s job is to observe. We watch the children in our care to learn which skills they have mastered, in which they are progressing, and with which they may require additional support. Though we may not always intervene, we notice what they are doing, both academically and socially. We take copious notes to inform our practice, record children’s progress, and to share our findings with parents.
Montessori guides don’t consider themselves the center of the classroom. We are there to support the learning of the children.
Still curious? Good! Call us today to schedule a time to observe. See a Montessori classroom in action for yourself. We know it will be an amazing experience.
Happy New YearPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 12/30/2019 7:00:00 AM
New Year’s Eve can be a really fun night for adults and children alike. There’s something special about a fresh start, and finding ways to celebrate as a family has the potential to establish traditions and make memories.
Whether you already have plans or not, read on for some fun facts and ideas!
Go out or stay in?
One time-honored way to celebrate the new year is to hire a babysitter and head off to a party. This can be a fun way for busy parents to reconnect with a partner, catch up with friends, and have a little fun.
If you plan to spend the night with your kids, you still have options: stay home for a night of celebrating or attend local festivities. Many towns (check out Chatham, Hartford, Northampton) have their own first night celebrations. If you have never been, you are in for a treat! Activities and sights can include live music, ice sculptures, street performers, face painters, and of course, plenty of tasty food. Some events even include a fireworks display. One benefit of taking your younger children to a first night event is that they can participate in the festivities, and still get home for a reasonable bedtime.
One last (really great) option is to stay home for the night and celebrate. This is a great idea for all ages; little ones get the rest they need, older kids can invite friends over to join in the fun, and there’s a whole lot less pressure on the adults. Add in a few games and snacks, and maybe watch the ball drop, and the night will surely be a success. We share more fun ideas toward the end of this post.
Traditions around the world
People across the globe celebrate the new year in a variety of fascinating ways. Here are just some of the many traditions:
- In some parts of Brazil, it’s customary to head to the beach and jump over seven waves for good luck in the coming year.
- Buddhist temples in Japan ring their bells to celebrate. The interesting part is they ring them 108 times, to symbolize the number of human desires (which lead to human suffering) and in order to alleviate some of that suffering. Eating soba noodles is another tasty tradition!
- One of the more famous international traditions takes place in Spain, where twelve grapes are eaten during the twelve strokes of the clock at midnight. The catch is you must finish them all before the clock finishes chiming for good luck during each month of the coming year.
- The Dutch eat a donut-like dessert called olie bollen. Its ring shape is meant to symbolize coming full circle.
- Many places, like the United States and France, look to champagne as their drink of choice on New Year’s Eve. People in parts of the United Kingdom enjoy Wassail (a type of hot mulled cider) instead. Russians like champagne, but they write a wish on a piece of paper, burn it, and toss it into a glass of bubbly that they must then drink.
- In Greece, a special sweet bread is made to be eaten at midnight. A single coin is baked within, and the person who gets the piece with the coin is considered lucky. Greeks also hang an onion from the doors and wake their children in the morning by tapping them with it!
- In the Philippines, circles are important and lucky; people eat plenty of round fruits for New Year’s to bring prosperity.
- In Denmark, people save up all their old and chipped plates and dishes to throw at each other’s front doors on New Year’s Eve. The more shards on your doorstep in the morning, the better. In South Africa they throw old appliances out the window.
- Red is a lucky color in Chinese culture, and many families make sure their front door is painted red for the new year.
- The Swiss drop dollops of whipped cream on the floor - intentionally - to wish richness into the new year.
- In Estonia, eating is serious business when ringing in the new year. Seven, nine, and twelve are all lucky numbers, and you must choose one of the numbers and eat that many times.
- In Finland, tin is melted and dropped into water. The shapes the hardened tin create are meant to represent what the new year will bring.
- The Scottish call their celebration Hogmanay, which involves swinging balls of fire, enthusiastic parades, and a special tradition regarding whoever steps first over the threshold of a home in the new year.
Fun family ideas
So you’ve decided to stay in and have fun together as a family? Looking for ideas that will help make memories? Look no further…
Eating tasty snacks is half the fun when it comes to celebrating. Here are a few ideas to help break away from your typical nightly routine.
- Appetizers for dinner. Brainstorm everyone’s favorite snacks, make up a bunch of plates, and leave them out to munch on throughout the evening. Think cheese and crackers, veggies and hummus, cut fruit, chips and dip, or perhaps something a little more fancy.
- Cook a fancy meal together. Flip through your cookbooks and choose something that sounds good to everyone. Even the youngest children will have fun mixing and measuring. Set the table, light some candles, and feast in great company.
- Mix up some mocktails. A little juice plus a bit of seltzer, with a few pomegranate seeds tossed in, and you have something special.
Pass the hours away enjoying each other’s company and having a few laughs.
- Break out the board games. With the whole night ahead of you, what’s the rush? Whether it’s Candy Land or Monopoly, or a silly made-up card game, your children will remember this quality time spent together.
- Have a movie marathon. Re-watch your favorites or try something new. Even better? Share one of your childhood favorites with your kids.
- Make New Year’s Eve crowns, using whatever you have on hand. It can be as simple as cut paper and markers, or you can add stickers, glitter, or whatever else you and your children come up with.
- Plan out some family fun for the coming year. Set goals, dream about vacations, or figure out what projects you want to do together around the house.
If you plan on staying up until midnight, figure out a fun way to ring in the new year. Countdown from ten together, add in some noisemakers, and shout out Happy New Year!
May 2020 be a great year for us all.
Seven Little Ways to Create a Montessori Home EnvironmentPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 12/23/2019 7:00:00 AM
Many families of young children are turning to Montessori methods when it comes to parenting. After all, it’s one approach that honors children as autonomous beings and gives them the respect they are due. But how can we make space for our children in our homes without the place becoming one giant toy bin? This list of seven helpful tips will get you started on the right track.
1. Have a child-friendly shelf or cabinet in the kitchen.
This is one of the simplest ways to encourage your children to be independent and show that you trust them. Starting when your children are toddlers and continuing until they are able to reach and use everything the adults do, set aside a small cabinet or drawer in your kitchen just for them. This is where you will keep child-sized plates, bowls, cups, silverware, and perhaps even a few cloth napkins. This will allow your children to get what they need whenever they need it. You won’t need to stop what you are doing to help them, and they can feel good about doing something for themselves.
Want to take it a step further? Keep pre-portioned snacks in the cabinet for your child to access whenever they want. Some families also designate an area of the refrigerator for this purpose, along with a small pitcher containing water or milk that little hands can easily pour themselves.
2. Consider a few minor additions to your entryway.
Getting out the door in the morning can be one of the most rushed and sometimes stressful times of day for families of young (and older!) children. A few quick additions to your entryway can help make everything run a bit more smoothly.
Consider your children’s height and hang one or two hooks near the door just for them. Keep a small box or bin that they can toss their shoes into, thus keeping shoes contained, tidy, and easy to find when they need them. We have even seen some families hang a small mirror at child-height in the same area. Taking these steps will help build responsibility, keep your home organized, and ease the frantic pace of many of our mornings.
3. Put most of the toys away.
This recent study covers the scientific reasoning behind why less is more. That said, it isn’t easy. Even if you are mindful of not buying your children too many toys (a feat in itself), there are always gifts from family members, party favors, and so many unpredictable little treasures that kids collect.
How can we manage all that stuff?
When your child is at an age at which they can comprehend the ideas, it’s good to talk to them about waste and consumption, then ask for their help in working to manage it all. Until then, observe your child at play, determine what they actually use or enjoy, then rotate toys according to what you notice. Avoid the bottomless toy box and opt instead for using low shelves as storage so that items are easier to see and manage.
4. Keep baskets of books handy.
Reading is great for children in so many ways, so keeping books handy wherever you are is important. It can even be fun to make your selections. Some ideas:
- Keep a basket of seasonal books in the corner of your living room.
- Stack your toilet learning books in the bathroom.
- Your child loves dinosaurs? Check some dino books out from the library and keep them in a bag in the car so they’re always on hand (for trips, waiting rooms, an older sibling's soccer game…)
- Basically, anywhere your child spends time and there isn’t a bookshelf nearby, collect up a few books and tuck them within reach.
5. Build independence into children’s bedrooms.
One of the earliest ways to build independence into your children’s bedrooms is with your choice of bed when they are infants. Many Montessori families choose to use a floor bed. If the rest of the child’s room is safe, this allows them freedom of movement when they wake. Many babies and toddlers will wake up and crawl/walk around the room, keeping themselves occupied with their toys until their parents wake up and come to get them. The floor bed can be implemented whenever the parents feel comfortable giving it a try. If your little one starts crawling out of the crib but isn’t quite ready for the height of a toddler or regular bed, a simple solution is to just lay the mattress on the floor until they are ready for the next stage.
Another area to keep in mind: your children’s access to their clothing. Older toddlers and preschool aged children can begin selecting their own clothes. By making a limited number of choices available to them, you can ensure they will wear something appropriate for the weather while still giving them the empowering ability to decide for themselves.
6. Keep color schemes and decor simple and natural.
Depending on our own childhoods and other factors, sometimes we feel like we need to decorate children’s spaces in bright colors. The truth is, we all function better in calming environments. There’s no need to spend lots of money to replace what you already have, but consider the following swaps:
- Paint over bright walls with a more neutral color.
- Opt for wood, glass, metal, and natural fibers over plastics.
- Framed art (inexpensive prints or thrift store finds) or photos can replace cartoon posters.
7. Make space for your children.
It all really comes down to shifting our perspective. Our children are human beings who are worthy of living in a home that serves them and their needs. The key is balance. Should our children’s things take over the entire house? Definitely not! (You live there, too, after all.) Small adjustments in each room children spend time can make a huge difference in their lives.
Do you already implement some of these ideas in your home? How has it worked out for your family? Do you have other suggestions to share with families who are looking to make their home more Montessori friendly?
It's Ok to Set LimitsPosted by Meagan Ledendecker on 12/16/2019 7:00:00 AM
As parents we are bombarded with advice, ideas, suggestions, and rules on how to be the best parents we can be for our children. Some change is good. Emerging research tells us more and more about human development and how our brains work, and making progress as a society is always a good thing. Still, it can be hard to weed through the good ideas and those with good intentions that don’t really serve us or our children.
Giving children choice is important. Respecting children as autonomous human beings is important. We should recognize that even though they are young, their lives are not ours to live. Their dreams are not ours to fulfill.
So, we give our children choice. We let them make their own decisions. We honor their growing independence and understand that their ideas may sometimes (often) conflict with our own. And we try to be okay with that.
But should we let our children do whatever they want all the time? We say no. Giving choice is one thing, neglecting to set any boundaries is something altogether different.
What do children need?
In order for children to strengthen their sense of independence they need to be able to make their own decisions, but they need to make these within a framework that feels safe. As children learn and grow, they need to be able to take risks and make mistakes. After all, making mistakes is one way we learn. It is critical, however, that we keep give our children boundaries within which they are able to make choices.
As children grow and develop, it is critical that they form trusting, secure bonds with adults in their lives. Our kids really do test us sometimes; they push against the rules we set because they are seeking a sense of how strong our limits are and whether or not we mean what we say. Giving guidance and setting boundaries isn’t just okay, it’s critical to letting our children know we are here for them and care about their well-being.
In short: children need choice. They also need those choices to fall within limits that keep them safe, both physically and emotionally. When they are younger, children need fewer choices and more limits. As they grow, we increase the choice and decrease the limits. This way, once they are fully mature adults, they have had plenty of time to practice making decisions. Isn’t that what childhood is all about? Human children are able to experience a joyful period of time in which we get to practice becoming responsible adults.
What does this look like in our classrooms?
Montessori classrooms are carefully prepared environments with built-in choices and limits. Some examples of how we achieve this balance:
- Furniture is arranged so that children are free to move around, but most classrooms are devoid of large open areas that might encourage running. Those shelves are placed with intention!
- Materials on the shelves are rotated regularly. Children may only access what is available to them. Materials that we do not want the children to have access to are kept stored away in a cabinet or closet.
- The snack table might be just large enough for two chairs. We want children to eat and socialize when they choose, but we also know that if there is space for ten children to do so at once, the activity may become disruptive and lose its original intent.
- Older children may utilize work plans. This enables them to determine the pace, order, and details of their work, but requires them to be accountable for completing all desired tasks within a specified time frame. For example, a child may be asked to complete a range of math, reading, and biology work, but there is plenty of choice in how they accomplish the goal.
- Children in Montessori classrooms do not typically have to ask permission to use the restroom. Instead, we create structures so that they may do so safely whenever the need arises. Some schools have restrooms located within the classroom, others have hall passes available, or hold class meetings to discuss procedures with the children.
What might this look like in our homes?
If your family is new to Montessori, it can sometimes take a bit of time to shift ideas and expectations. Once you do, however, it’s hard to imagine doing things any other way. Some ideas to get you started:
- Allow your children to make decisions about what they wear. For older babies and toddlers, this may be as simple as allowing them to choose between two different color shirts. For older children, you can just set guidelines, such as their clothing must be appropriate for the weather.
- If you need your children to get a few things done, let them choose the order. For example, ask them if they would rather take a bath or make their lunch first. Be clear that your expectation is that they will do both, but that you value their opinion and want to let them help decide how to spend their time.
- Define boundaries when your child is struggling with emotions. It’s great to let your child feel whatever they are feeling, but that doesn’t mean they should mistreat those around them when they are frustrated or angry. “I see that you are frustrated. It’s normal to feel that way but you may not scream in our house. Here are some other ways to express that feeling…”
- Have frank and open discussions with your older children. Have you been feeling like they’re overdoing it with video games or staying out too late? Tell them what your concerns are, what your limits are, and solicit their ideas for solutions. Rather than implementing sudden new rules, engage your older children in problem solving talks until you collaboratively come to a conclusion upon which you can both agree.
We hope this post has been helpful and inspiring. In a world of permissive parenting and misunderstandings about what Montessori really means, it can be easy to get caught up in giving in to our children’s every desire. The good news is, you don’t have to. Our children look to us to be the adults in their lives. Each and every child deserves adults who love and respect them for who they are, while also holding kind and firm expectations.
10 Books That Are Out of This World!Posted by Meagan Ledendecker on 12/9/2019 7:00:00 AM
Each and every one of us has marveled at the great vastness of space at one point or another. How could we not? Children tend to be especially enamored with the stars, planets, and other wonders beyond our own atmosphere.
This month we share ten books that will further inspire. Some are purely informational, while others take on a storytelling format. Some share fascinating facts, while some are peeks into the lives of people who have made a difference in our understanding of space. We hope you and your children will enjoy them!
Born With a Bang: The Universe Tells Our Cosmic Story by Jennifer Morgan, illustrated by Dana Lynne Andersen
Gracing the shelves of Montessori elementary classrooms across the globe, this gorgeous book mirrors one of the most impressionistic lessons we give children. The beginnings of our universe can feel mysterious and full of wonder. Morgan brings the story to life in a way that gives children a sense of connection and understanding. One Montessori materials company was so inspired by this particular book that they created a series of classroom materials to accompany the book!
A is for Astronaut: Blasting Through the Alphabet by Clayton Anderson, illustrated by Scott Brundage
A beautifully illustrated collection of various space ideas, this book was written by a retired astronaut. Andersen applied to be an astronaut 15 times before he was accepted into the program, and he hopes the book will inspire children. In this video he talks about his path to becoming an astronaut and the making of the book.
Hidden Figures by Margot Lee Shetterly, illustrated by Laura Freeman
Sometimes history has a tendency to highlight some people while minimizing the contributions of others. Fortunately, there are plenty of children’s book authors out there who are currently working hard to change that. In Hidden Figures, Margot Lee Shetterly gives voice to the stories of four black women (Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, Katherine Johnson, and Christine Darden) who supported the early work of space expeditions. Even during the time of segregation, when they were forced to work in a building separate from that of white mathematicians (or computers, as they were called then), these amazing women fought hard to follow their dreams and serve their nation.
Margaret and the Moon by Dean Robbins, illustrated by Lucy Knisley
The woman who is famous for writing code that made four separate space missions possible started out as a young girl who was full of curiosity and determination. Margaret studied hard in school, questioned the unequal treatment of girls and women, and found inspiration in math and the universe. She went on to make history and continues to serve as a model for children today.
The Girl Who Named Pluto: The Story of Venetia Burney by Alice B. McGinty, illustrated by Elizabeth Haidle
Did you know that controversial planet was named after an 11-year-old girl? Venetia Burney loved dreaming about the planets, and the discovery of a ninth planet when she was a child was a dream come true. Her idea to name the planet Pluto was supported by her grandfather, and eventually, by the scientists who had discovered it. Children will love reading about the difference a young person can make!
I Am Neil Armstrong by Brad Meltzer, illustrated by Christopher Eliopoulos
Children really enjoy Meltzer’s I Am series, and this title about Neil Armstrong is no different. Long before his journey to the moon, Armstrong was a child who worked hard and learned about persistence. Having a peek into the early years of influential figures allows our children to relate to them on a much deeper level. The comic-style illustrations and factual information are appealing to elementary-aged children.
The Darkest Dark by Chris Hadfield, illustrated by The Fan Brothers
Hadfield, another former astronaut, wrote this book about some formative moments during his childhood. He recalls the night of the moon landing; he was just a boy and he and his family walked to a neighbor’s house to watch it on TV. He found the work of the astronauts so inspiring that he wanted to be one himself one day. In the meantime, he had to get over his fear of the dark!
Chasing Space Young Readers’ Edition by Leland Melvin
Books written by former astronauts are more plentiful than one might think! This one was written with older children in mind (think upper elementary and middle school-aged). Once a professional American football player, Melvin faced an injury and the end of his career, until he reinvented his life and went on to help build the International Space Station. Chasing Space Young Readers’ Edition is the 2019 winner of the Grand Canyon Reader Award for tween non-fiction. There is a version written for adults, too, if you’re interested!
Welcome to Mars: Making a Home on the Red Planet by Buzz Aldrin and Marianne Dyson
Famed Buzz Aldrin believes that humans could inhabit Mars, and he has big ideas on how that might work. He hopes to inspire children to want to learn about and explore space, and wrote this book with that aim in mind. Here, Aldrin talks a bit about his own ideas about space travel and the making of the book.
Curiosity: The Story of a Mars Rover by Markus Motus
This book is praised for its sweet illustrations. In it, Motus semi-personifies the Mars rover Curiosity, but the information shared is factual. Children will be amazed by the interesting facts about space as well as delighted by the mission of the rover.
Have you and your children read any other great books about space? Let us know! We would love to hear what you would add to the list.
Why Montessori?Posted by Meagan Ledendecker on 12/2/2019 7:00:00 AM
How, as parents, do we prepare our children for an unpredictable future? Don’t we want to give them every possible advantage?
How do we define success in our children’s lives? Is it about being able to provide for oneself or is it finding joy in the work we do? Is it about contributing to our communities or perhaps continuing to learn throughout our lives? Couldn’t it (shouldn’t it) be a little bit of all of those things?
We think Montessori is one beautiful way to work toward all of these goals, and we are prepared to make some bold statements:
- Montessori gives children a strong understanding of basic math and language skills, starting earlier than most methods and using materials that support their development and methods that correlate with current research findings.
- Building a sense of independence and confidence is a major component of what we do. We know that children of all ages are fully capable of doing more for themselves than they are often given credit for being able to do. We have learned to sit back, observe, and assist only when necessary. This allows children to grow in incredible ways, amazing their parents (and frankly, us, too!).
- Respect for and connection to the earth is built directly into our curriculum, especially in the elementary grades. We know that around age six, children start to think about where they fit into the bigger picture. We teach them about the universe, our solar system, the beauty of our planet, and the variety of life on it, right at the time when they are seeking those answers.
- Choice and freedom are important for all human beings. We give both to children because we believe they are capable of knowing what they need and want, and the more practice they have the better they will get at making decisions when we are not there to support them.
- We value teaching responsibility and time management skills. This goes hand in hand with focus and attentiveness. The ability to make choices about one’s learning must be balanced with accountability. As the children in our classrooms get older, they know there are certain expectations. For example, they may be able to choose the order of their work, but they know that they have to work on grammar at some point, even if it’s not their favorite subject.
- Rather than drilling arbitrary facts into children and forcing them to memorize information that may not serve them in the future, we take a different approach. All children are exposed to a wide variety of basic scientific, geographical, and historical information, and are given extensive opportunities to more deeply explore the topics they find fascinating.
Graduates of Montessori schools go on to be successful in other settings, whether they go on to attend other private schools or their local public schools. They tend to view the world a little more creatively than the rest of us, and their contributions are often felt throughout society. There are many notable public figures that credit their early Montessori education to the successes they experienced later in life. To learn more about some of these people, take a look at this article.
Montessori-specific research is a fairly new field, but the initial results are fascinating.
One study conducted in Hartford, Connecticut, took a look at preschool students in a public Montessori magnet school. Federal magnet grants are awarded to public schools that commit to special, high-quality educational programming (in this case, Montessori) in an attempt to create a socioeconomically diverse school community within an urban setting. In the study, two groups of preschool-aged children were observed over time: 70 children in the Montessori setting and 71 who were in other settings. While the children tested similarly at the onset of the study, eventually the Montessori children outperformed the others academically, as well as in notable increases in their enjoyment of work, social understanding, mastery orientation, and executive function. Subgroups within the study showed some other interesting findings that suggest Montessori education might help close the gaps on certain factors that typically hinder children’s success (such as income and executive functioning).
Another study in public Montessori schools in Milwaukee concluded that a Montessori education has long-lasting positive benefits for children. The study also determined that when Montessori-educated children eventually transitioned into more traditional educational settings they were successful and the transition was positive.
While there are other great studies out there, we will touch on just one more here. This study took a look at the effects of a high-fidelity Montessori environment versus a low-fidelity Montessori or conventional classroom environment. Children who learned in a classic Montessori program in which the guides adhered to traditional methods made significantly higher gains during the school year than their counterparts in conventional classrooms or Montessori classrooms that were supplemented with other types of learning materials and methods.
Montessori schools provide a community for more than just the children. Parents, educators, students, and local community members gather together in support of common goals. They work together, socialize together, and find ways to solve problems together. In our society today, many people have lost the sense of community that is so important to our well being. Montessori schools serve an important function of not just educating children, but giving like-minded adults a way to connect and form meaningful relationships.
Booklist: Hygge Edition!Posted by Meagan Ledendecker on 11/25/2019 7:00:00 AM
From a slight chill in the morning air to frigid overnight temperatures, the changing of the seasons is upon us. Winter is just around the corner and the early dusk has us looking forward to cozy evenings curled up on the couch with our families. In recent years, the Danish concept of hygge have become rather trendy, and for good reason. Hygge is about shutting out the coldness of the world and making time to connect with the people we love. It’s about cultivating a feeling a coziness and hominess. To learn more about hygge, click here and here to read two great articles.
Reading is one of the main components of hygge, so it’s important to remember that any book will do the trick! We thought it might be fun, however, to curate a list of extra cozy books that you can enjoy while snuggled up next to your children. We hope you enjoy them!
Who am I? Snowy Animals by Dorling Kindersley Publishers
This board book introduces different animals through sweet interactive activities. Your child can peak through the holes in the page to guess the animal, then turn the page to see the animal in its habitat. The subsequent invitation to “pretend to be me” is perfect for days indoors when children need to move their bodies. They get to be a seal, a snow goose, a Siberian tiger, and more!
Chicken Soup with Rice by Maurice Sendack
This classic has a poem for each month of the year, and describes what the main character will be doing, along with how they will be enjoying chicken soup with rice along the way. Get a pot of soup on the stove and giggle along! The November page:
I will flop
my flippy tail
and spout hot soup.
I’ll be a whale!
spouting chicken soup
Owl Moon by Jane Yolen, illustrated by John Schoenherr
Spending one-on-one time with a parent is a special experience for a child, and Owl Moon captures that wonder and magic so well. A daughter and her father go owling one snowy night, and Jane Yolen shares the honor of this rite-of-passage experience in prose that may as well be poetry. This is a perfect read-aloud book to share on the couch, under a cozy blanket, with moonlight peaking through the window.
Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, illustrated by Barbara Cooney
A family who live by and rely on the seasons takes us through a year in their life. The story begins with the father loading up an ox-cart with the goods the family has gathered and made throughout the previous year: wool from their sheep, potatoes and cabbages from their garden, knitted mittens, handmade brooms and shingles, and much more. He drives the cart to the market and sells it all, including the cart and the ox. After a quick stop to purchase a few items, he walks home, and the family enters another year together, working with the land.
Stone Soup by John J. Muth
We all know this classic tale, and celebrated author John J. Muth brings his own flair to its retelling. Three monks enter a village in which the people are cold and isolated. They close their doors to one another, and there is hardly a sense of community. One small child breaks the silence as the monks begin to prepare their stone soup, igniting a chain reaction of curious, and then generous, neighbors.